All About Children’s Eye Care
If your children have trouble with their eyes it can affect their ability to read well and study for their exams. Here are a few signs that your kids are having eye problems.
Signs Your Child is Having Vision Problems
- Rubbing their eyes
- Complaining of headaches
- Blinking all the time
- Red and/or swollen eyes
- Squinting to read or do homework
- Holding books and other items far away
- Common Children’s Vision Problems
Many children’s eye problems can be corrected with a pair of prescription glasses.
Common Eye Concerns
Astigmatism: A refractive error of the eye causing blurred vision due to an irregularly shaped cornea. Corrective prescription eyeglasses will take care of this common child’s eye problem.
Hyperopia: Also known as farsightedness, refers to having trouble seeing objects up close. Prescription glasses will help correct this common kid’s vision problem.
Myopia: Also known as nearsightedness, refers to having trouble seeing objects in the distance. Recent studies suggest children playing outside in natural daylight reduce their chance of developing myopia. “Our results indicate that exposure to daylight helps protect children from myopia,” said Dr. Dongmei Cui of China’s Sun Yat-sen University.
Ptosis: When one of the upper eyelids drops down and partly covers the eyeball. This causes a partial or almost total loss of vision in the affected eye. The condition may correct itself as your child gets older, otherwise corrective surgery from a plastic surgeon is usually the only solution.
Strabismus: Also referred to as crossed eyes, occurs when the eyes are not lined up in the same direction. This vision problem is treated with corrective lenses such as prescription glasses or contact lenses. Vision therapy is often used to strengthened the weaker eye muscles.
Vision Screening VS Eye Examination
Do you know the difference between vision screenings and eye exams? Children often get informal vision screenings while attending school, but to diagnose any serious vision problems you need to schedule a comprehensive eye exam with a qualified eye doctor.
Many common children’s eye problems are not found during normal vision screenings as performed by health officials such as a school nurse. Your child’s pediatrician or general practitioner family doctor will perform routine eye checks when you bring your kids in for a physical exam. If your child is having any serious vision problems bring them to an eye doctor, such as an optometrist or ophthalmologist.
Child Eye Care Specialists
If your family doctor finds a problem with your son or daughters vision, they may refer your child to an eye care specialist. Optometrists and ophthalmologists, many of whom specialize in the field of pediatrics, have special training in the field of childhood vision problems.
- Family doctor
- Pediatric ophthalmologist
- Pediatric optometrist
What is included in a regular eye exam?
Your eye doctor will perform a variety of tests on your kids including color vision and glaucoma screenings, internal and external eye health evaluation and distance visual acuity using an eye chart. After the examination is complete the optometrist presents you with a prescription to help you pick out the perfect pair of corrective vision glasses for your son or daughter.
How Often to Get a Child’s Vision Checked
The American Optometric Association lists recommendations for how often children and adults should get their eyes examined. Their suggestions for frequency of pediatric vision checks are 6 months old, 3 years old, before entering the first grade then every two years thereafter until 18 years old. The eye exam frequency changes to yearly for any patients at risk for developing eye disease.
Visit Stanton Optical
Once you child’s finished with their eye exam from the eye doctor one of our optometric technicians will help you pick out the perfect pair of glasses. Opticians help their patients pick and fit the correct style and size of glasses based on their specific eyeglass prescription.